Pediatric primary hematogenous osteomyelitis is uncommon. Studies have been mainly small case series with limited clinical and radiographic followup. We present a child with primary hematogenous osteomyelitis and osteolysis of the proximal radius. Inflammatory laboratory values were normal, and blood and elbow aspirate cultures were negative for osteomyelitis. Diagnosis was made by findings of magnetic resonance imaging. The patient was successfully treated with intravenous antibiotics. At 4-year follow-up, she had normal range of motion and near symmetric proximal radial morphological features radiographically. To our knowledge, this is the most long-term radiographic follow-up of a patient with spontaneous osteomyelitis. The reported findings can help guide surgeons in treating this potential hand condition in children.

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