Treatment of subtrochanteric femur fractures can be difficult owing to high risk of complications. No cases of sciatic nerve palsy after hematoma following open reduction and intramedullary nailing of a subtrochanteric femur fracture have been reported. We describe a 28-yearold man who presented with a subtrochanteric fracture in the left femur after a motor-vehicle collision, in whom open reduction and intramedullary nailing led to an immediate postoperative hematoma and sciatic nerve palsy. Prompt diagnosis and early wound exploration resulted in complete resolution of the palsy at 1 month postoperatively. Our findings reinforce the importance of prompt diagnosis and treatment in limiting long-term complications for patients who develop postoperative sciatic nerve palsy associated with hematoma after undergoing operative treatment of subtrochanteric femur fractures.

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