The Haratin people of North Africa are subjects in crisis; they are people whose origins are debated and whose social status is scorned. As an indigenous population in the midst of regional turmoil, they have been subject to removal, forced labor and economic deprivation. Their exploitation by both French colonial forces and other indigenous populations (namely Arabs and Berbers) has displaced the Haratin way of life and has subsumed their legal culture.
Natividad Martinez, Anna. "Intertribal Conflicts and Customary Law Regimes in North Africa: A Comparison of Haratin and Ait 'Atta Indigenous Legal Systems." Tribal Law Journal 5, 1 (2005). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/tlj/vol5/iss1/1