MUJERES EN MOVIMIENTO: LA REPRESENTACIÓN DE LA MIGRACIÓN FEMENINA EN LOS CUENTOS DE CRISTINA PACHECO, NADIA VILLAFUERTE Y ROSARIO SANMIGUEL
Sonia A. Rodríguez Hicks
B.A., Tourism Planning, Universidad Hispano-Mexicana, 1986
M.A., Spanish, University of Wyoming, 2002
Ph. D. Spanish, University of New Mexico, 2017
This dissertation focuses on the representation of migrant women in recent Mexican narrative through the examination of three short story collections, El oro del desierto (2005) by Cristina Pacheco, Barcos en Houston (2005) by Nadia Villafuerte and Bajo el Puente (1998) by Rosario Sanmiguel.
During most of the twentieth century, Mexican literary representations of migration depict males who migrate alone or with their families to work in agriculture and construction. But in recent decades, we see a surge in women migrating, often leaving their children in their country of origin with family members. In the context of neoliberal globalization, traditional gender norms and values are negotiated and transformed within the family and across national borders. But while migrant women achieve some autonomy by leaving domestic space, they often find work in sectors traditionally associated with women, such as housecleaning and child care.
Cristina Pacheco, Nadia Villafuerte and Rosario Sanmiguel depict the fragmentation of conventional patterns of behavior associated with women as daughters, wives, and mothers. Their stories articulate what Abril Trigo denominates as “migrant memory” in which the past is associated with their country of origin; their present with life in transit, and their future with the American dream. In this analysis, we witness a partial restructuration of gender roles in the private and public spheres, as migrant women achieve a certain degree of autonomy and agency, but at the same time traditional roles continue to be perpetuated across borders.
Spanish & Portuguese (PhD)
Level of Degree
Spanish and Portuguese
First Committee Member (Chair)
Second Committee Member
Kimberle S. Lopez
Third Committee Member
Fourth Committee Member
María Socorro Tabuenca
migration, women, Mexican literature, migración, mujeres, literatura mexicana
Rodríguez Hicks, Sonia A.. "Mujeres en movimiento: La representación de la migración femenina en los cuentos de Cristina Pacheco, Nadia Villafuerte y Rosario Sanmiguel." (2017). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/span_etds/78