This study examines phonological and morphological features involved in the release of plural marking –s in nominal phrases of Spanish as a second language (L2). The linguistic variety belongs to Spanish spoken by members of the Ngäbe pueblo of Panama.
Despite the preference of final /s/ deletion in Panamanian Spanish, morphology seems to activate the production of plural marking –s in certain nominal phrases. Meanwhile, other circumstances stimulating the application of alternative strategies for plural marks are detected.
This study also includes questions about the influence of the first language (L1), particularly by comparing Ngäbere and Spanish nominal phrases. It searches to find the origins of plural –s deletion in the substratum of L1 or in the particular scenario of phonological /s/ deletion in Caribbean Spanish.
Level of Degree
Spanish and Portuguese
First Committee Member (Chair)
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
bilingual, phonology, determiner, morphology, noun, plural
Vergara Esturaín, Kafda I.. "El español en el pueblo ngäbe. Factores fonológicos y morfológicos." (2018). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/span_etds/104