Morphological evaluation of bulb and distal duodenal biopsies in pediatric celiac disease with clinical and serological correlation
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: An early correct diagnosis of celiac disease (CD) is fundamental to reversal of symptoms and prevention of complications in pediatric patients. Our aim was to evaluate the role of duodenal bulb biopsy by studying the degree of mucosal damage in the duodenal bulb (D1) and second part of the duodenum (D2) and correlating the findings with serum IgA anti-tTG levels.
SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Pediatric patients (age <18 >years) with clinical suspicion of CD and positive IgA anti-tTG titers were consecutively enrolled over a period of one year. Demographic variables, anthropometry, clinical history, laboratory values and endoscopic findings were studied. Endoscopic biopsies obtained from D1 and D2 were evaluated and assigned histopathologic grades that were correlated with serology.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Descriptive statistics were employed.
RESULTS: A total of 37 clinically suspected cases of pediatric CD were studied. The mean age was 6.7 years and the M:F ratio was 1:1.3. Thirty-two (32) children had varying degrees of growth impairment. Eight (8) children had only extra-intestinal symptoms. Thirty (30) children were anemic, hypoalbuminemia was seen in five (5) children while transaminitis was seen in two (2) children. IgA anti-tTG >300 U/ml was associated with Marsh-Oberhuber Grade 3 morphology at atleast one site.
CONCLUSIONS: Low positive serology values should be confirmed by histopathology. Biopsies should be taken even in the absence of endoscopic abnormality. Additional D1 biopsies placed in a separate container can increase the diagnostic yield.
Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
Singaravel S, Tandon R, Vohra P. Morphological evaluation of bulb and distal duodenal biopsies in pediatric celiac disease with clinical and serological correlation. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2021 Jul-Sep;64(3):484-489. doi: 10.4103/IJPM.IJPM_337_20. PMID: 34341258.