OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand the barriers and facilitators that affect engagement with Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes) to implement medication-assisted treatment (MAT) in primary care settings.
METHODS: A 12-session weekly curriculum was delivered to participating primary care providers and clinic staff (N=24 participants from 13 clinics). Participants completed attendance logs and a qualitative interview in order to identify factors that influence engagement in the ECHO sessions and the potential integration of MAT.
RESULTS: Primary care providers and staff valued the ECHO sessions, but overall attendance was low and variable. Participants generally valued the didactic and interactive nature of the sessions but identified system-level constraints that limited engagement. Major barriers to participation included competing demands in patient care and the low degree of endorsement by clinic leadership.
CONCLUSIONS: This brief report identifies key systematic challenges that may directly limit primary care providers' engagement in telementoring models such as Project ECHO.
Salvador J, Bhatt S, Fowler R, Ritz J, James R, Jacobsohn V, Brakey HR, Sussman AL. Engagement With Project ECHO to Increase Medication-Assisted Treatment in Rural Primary Care. Psychiatr Serv. 2019 Dec 1;70(12):1157-1160. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201900142. Epub 2019 Aug 22. PMID: 31434561; PMCID: PMC8552451.