Overcoming Barriers for Uptake and Continued Use of Home Dialysis: An NKF-KDOQI Conference Report

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Home dialysis modalities are used in a minority of patients with kidney failure in the United States. During the 2018 National Kidney Foundation–Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-KDOQI) Home Dialysis Conference, numerous ideas were suggested to help minimize barriers for the uptake and retention of home dialysis therapies. First, educational tools are needed to increase knowledge about home dialysis modalities (eg, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis, and home hemodialysis). Implementation of a hub and spoke model, pairing smaller and/or newer home dialysis programs with larger more sophisticated programs that offer education and mentoring, may help dialysis programs to grow and prosper. This pairing can be facilitated by traditional conferences and newer modalities such as telemedicine and training applications. Peer support to patients, such as that offered through the NKF Peers Program, and support and respite to care partners can have beneficial effects toward both increasing the number of patients who choose home dialysis as a modality and improving retention in home dialysis programs. Anticipating and understanding both patient and care partner burden is important for the development and implementation of patient- and care partner–centered support programs that can be deployed before a patient ceases home therapy. Finally, aligning Medicare reimbursement to support appropriate increased home dialysis uptake to prioritize both transplantation and home dialysis as the first-line treatments for kidney failure.