Health, Exercise, and Sports Sciences ETDs


Edward Rhudy

Publication Date



The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a significant change in self-concept resulting from a non-resident outward bound type program on a selected group of males and females. The design of this study was experimental, involving the nonrandomized pretest, posttest single group. This study of the effects of outward bound type activities was conducted in the natural areas, mountains and semi-arid regions surrounding Albuquerque, New Mexico during the spring of 1971. The Outward Bound class has been a part of the Physical Education Service Program at the University of New Mexico for the past four semesters. The research sample consisted of sixteen males and females ranging in ages from eighteen to twenty-five. All of the subjects were screened and selected from a volunteer group, who had submitted request for acceptance into the course “Outward Bound”. The Tennessee Self Concept Scale as used as the research tool for measuring change in self-concept. The group was tested at the University of New Mexico. Nine weeks later the group was retested. A correlated t-test was computed to test the hypotheses. The analysis resulted in seven of the ten hypotheses showing a significant difference. Significant changes were found in the social self, the family self, the personal self, the physical self, behavior, self-satisfaction, identity, and self-esteem. The last subscale, self-esteem is considered a general, overall score for self-concept. It showed a significant change measured above the .025 level of confidence. It was concluded that there was a definite change in self-concept resulting from participation in an outward bound type program.

Document Type




Degree Name

Physical Education, Sports and Exercise Science

Level of Degree


Department Name

Health, Exercise, and Sports Sciences

First Committee Member (Chair)

Donald Scott Warder

Second Committee Member

Harold Eugene Kenney

Third Committee Member

David Herbert Hunt