Health, Exercise, and Sports Sciences ETDs

Publication Date

Summer 7-29-1970


Statement of Problem: Many students are excluded from parti­cipation in school athletic programs, and thus, from an oppor­tunity to benefit from the educational experiences afforded. While playing ability would appear to be the most logical and common-sense criterion for the exclusion of certain stu­dents, a variety of psycho-social factors may also serve as important criteria upon which the exclusion and inclusion of athletes are based. To obtain information concerning the existence of such factors, an investigation was undertaken concerning player-coach compatibility and its role in cutting students from athletic squads.

The FIRO theory, developed by Schutz, is based on the premise that every individual has three interpersonal needs: inclusion, control, and affection. There are both "expressed" and "wanted" behaviors associated with each need. An individ­ual's expressed and wanted behaviors in each need area are measured by the FIRO-B. The degree of compatibility of any two persons in each need area can be determined by comparing their expressed and wanted FIRO-B scores. Schutz states that compatible dyads are more likely than incompatible dyads to prefer each other for continued personal contact. The pur­pose of this study was to determine what effect differences in interpersonal need orientations between athletes and their coach had on athletic exclusion.

Document Type


Degree Name

Physical Education

Level of Degree


Department Name

Health, Exercise, and Sports Sciences

First Committee Member (Chair)

Lawrence F. Locke

Second Committee Member

James C. Moore

Third Committee Member

Armond H. Seidler

Fourth Committee Member

Martin Burlingame