The purpose of this study was to qualitatively review existing studies that examined cost data within sports medicine. A literature search was conducted for all economic studies related to sports-medicine conditions from 2000 to 2017 within the United States. Area of analysis, data source utilized, and the type of collected cost data was identified. There were 29 studies that met criteria, with the majority of studies (60%) focused on rotator cuff repair and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Substantial variability in data source, practice setting, data metrics, and reported measures makes interpretation of existing reports challenging. Greater diversity in topics and more standardized methodology are necessary to better understand value and quality in sports medicine

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