2 On the Cover: Fort Union Ruins on the Santa Fe Trail: Timothy K. Lewis

4 Insights from your President

5 Joanne’s Jottings

6-7 Trail News

7 In Memoriam: Nancy Lee Robertson

8-11 2023 Symposium

12-18 Diary of Lydia Ann Spangenberg Kahl: 1859 Overland from Missouri to California

by Joy Poole

19-22 Governor Manuel Armijo's Medal of Honor y Robert J. Tórrez and Charles Martínez y Vigi

23-27 Santa Fe Trail Association Bylaw Changes

28 Doctrine of Discovery

28 Chapter Reports

29 Membership Form

32 Calendar