When a false memory contains detailed information about an event that never occurred it is called an illusory recollection. Previous experiments demonstrated that the contextual characteristics of studied words are attributed to false memories of nonstudied theme words. Additionally, contextual characteristics of the studied items that are most highly associated to a theme word are more often attributed than those of lower associates. The finding that the critical theme word takes on the contextual characteristics of its strongest associates was aptly named the source-strength effect. In two experiments, the source-strength effect is extended to word location independent of encoding instructions and of an inference strategy. The study sets the stage for future research asking how source representations are encoded or retrieved for falsely-remembered items.
Level of Degree
First Committee Member (Chair)
Second Committee Member
False memory syndrome, Recollection (Psychology), Eidetic imagery, Context effects (Psychology)
Browning, Elizabeth. "Backward associative strength and illusory recollection : extension of the source-strength effect to item location." (2010). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/psy_etds/15