With the declaration of a worldwide pandemic in March 2020 (World Health Organization 2020), COVID-19 has become a primary focus of governments and public health systems across the world with increases in infection and death rates. By mid-April 2020, more than 80% of countries had imposed containment and mitigation measures. But for developing nations, the threats of this global pandemic are more acute given the lack of resources and the capacity to deal with a shock of this magnitude (Loayza 2020). Despite calling for a lockdown on March 24th, 2020 (Pradhan 2020), Nepal faces several public health challenges including limited coordination between different stakeholder groups and few policies in place for infection prevention control. Additionally, with high population density in cities (which makes social distancing measures difficult), poor baseline hygiene practices, and lower (health) literacy rates, the outlook for Nepal successfully managing the COVID-19 pandemic has not looked promising (Asim et al. 2020).
Project HOPE organization, Brown University
Bohara, Alok K.; Swati Thapa; Siobhan K. Yilmaz; and Spencer H. McBee. "An Impact Evaluation of COVID-19 Training Program: Knowledge and Awareness of Public Health Professionals of Province Five, Nepal." (2021). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/nsc_research/77