Madan Koirala

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Federal restructuring of the nation state has become almost common agenda after April 2006 revolution in Nepal. Political parties, ethnic communities, development planners have started to move towards federal direction in their understandings. Expectation revolution of people is ahead of other issues such as institutional framework and working processes. Identification of extractable natural resources meant for the livelihood of local people becomes the basic requirement to meet these expectations. Koshi, Gandaki and Karnali three broad watershed level ecosystem-mapping especially forest ecosystem and agroecosystem reveal a basic inventory for the livelihood support of the people. Modernizing agriculture, followed by Non Timber Forest Products processing is a viable venture in Koshi, followed by tourism and horticulture in the Gandaki watershed. Likewise, Karnali watershed reveals the possibility of organic farming, horticulture and rare medicinal plants for the livelihood support. Niche specific biodiversity resources inventorization at village level will add the self-sufficiency relieving the pressure on the central governments.