The Coronavirus (Covid-19) pandemic has created a public health crisis worldwide and is impacting the way we plan and design cities. While much is still being learned about Covid-19, we have seen that the virus spreads quickly and its fatality rate is also significant. The virus has already seriously impacted the global economies and most urban activities.
During pandemics, regular public interactions in the city can be the cause for spread of communicable diseases. In this context, urban planning should include approached to help mitigate the spread of virus. Designs of facilities should help the residents to physically distance themselves from each other. Cities need to adopt planning and design approaches that help counter the pandemic, promote public health and improve the quality of urban life. Covid-19 will affect the way urban open spaces, transit systems, public amenities, multifamily housing, and urban infrastructure is planned.
Nepali cities and towns already face several planning and management problems as most lack adequate infrastructure, open spaces and many other urban amenities. The pandemic caused by the Covid-19 has exacerbated the problems already faced by the Nepali urban centers.
This article provides a review of some emerging ideas on planning for the pandemic, and offers some recommendations for a public health-friendly urban planning and design that can be applicable in Nepal.
Adhikari, A., Bhattarai, K. (2020), Urban Development in Nepal and the Impacts of Covid-19, in B. Sharma, and A. Adhikari ed., Covid-19 Pandemic and Nepal: Issues and Perspectives. Asta-Ja, USA. AN open-access book.
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