Document Type



Purpose The purposes of this publication are to: 1) recognize and publicize outstanding examples of the application of managed care principles to direct care services in Indian health programs; 2) stimulate other innovative Indian Health Service (IHS) and tribal management efforts; and 3) demonstrate to others that IHS and tribal health programs have a commitment to managed care. Methods Experiences with managed care in Indian health programs are documented in this monograph. Specific program examples are provided from the following areas of the IHS: 1) Alaska Area; 2) Albuquerque Area; 3) Aberdeen Area; 4) Billings Area; 5) California Area; 6) Headquarters West; 7) Nashville Area; 8) Navajo Area; 9) Oklahoma City Area; and 10)Portland Area. Results The tools of managed care include utilization review, case management, provider contracting, and information technology. Applications of managed care principles reviewed in this monograph include: 1) pharmaceutical costs; 2) tribal program management; 3) mental health services; 4) telemedicine; 5) cancer screening services; 6) electronic clinical record; and 7) teleradiology. Conclusion Managed care flexibility provides a dynamic process for developing a cost-effective, high quality health care delivery system tailored to meet the very specific and unique needs of the American Indian and Alaska Native populations. The challenge to those involved in the delivery of health care to American Indians and Alaska Natives is to develop strategies to ensure the delivery of cost-effective, high quality health care.

Publication Date



Indian Health Service, Rockville, MD.