Alternative Title

AZ Desert Wilderness Act of 1990


104th Congress


Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation


Fort McDowell Water Rights Settlement


Fort McDowell Indian Reservation




Lower Colorado Region

Document Type

Federal legislation


United States

Publication Date



Federal Legislation: Fort McDowell Indian Community Water Rights Settlement of 1990 Act, Title IV of the Arizona Desert Wilderness Act of 1990 (Jan. 15, 1990) (PL 101-628, 104 Stat. 4469, 4480) Parties: Fort McDowell Indian Community, AZ, US, Salt River Valley Water Users Association, Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District, Roosevelt Water Conservation District, Chandler, Glendale, Mesa, Phoenix, Scottsdale, Tempe, Gilbert, & Central Arizona Water Conservation District. Act resolves Tribe's water rights in General Adjudication of the Gila River System and Source. Neighboring non-Indian communities will transfer rights to 12,000 a/f of surface water and provide means for firming existing water supplies. The DOI Secretary may contract for up to 3,000 a/f of storage rights behind Bartlett and Horseshoe Dams on the Verde River for reregulation of Tribe's rights under the Kent decree. Secretary authorized to acquire 13,933 a/f from the following sources: Central Arizona Project (CAP) water relinquished by Harquahala Valley Irrigation District; municipal, industrial or Indian priority water relinquished by City of Prescott, Yavapai-Prescott Tribe, Yavapai-Apache Community of Camp Verde, Cottonwood Water Company or Camp Verde Water Company. Secretary is authorized to purchase land/water rights in Big Chino Valley of the Verde River watershed and divert to Sullivan Lake unless it would harm endangered species like the Spikedance. Authorized to grant long-term grazing privileges to Yavapai-Prescott Tribe. $30 million is appropriated to pay for land/water acquired under Sec. 406(c) If the Secretary acquires 7,000 a/f of CAP water identified in Sec. 406(a)(2). From 2001 to 2099, the Tribe shall lease 4,300 a/f back to Phoenix. Water acquired from Salt or Verde watersheds may be used exclusively on reservation. The Community Development Fund shall receive $23 million in Federal appropriations and $2 million from Arizona. Tribe waives all past or future water rights to ground, surface and effluent water. The Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community Water Rights Act of 1990 is amended to 1991 (102 Stat. 2549). Unsigned Exhibits. [Source:]


Federal legislation ratifying Settlement: 13 pages.

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