Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications

Outer-Art, Vol. III, (prints, outer-sculptures, and digital works)

Florentin Smarandache, University of New Mexico


“Outer-Art” is a movement set up as a protest against, or to ridicule, the random modern art which states that everything is… art!

It was initiated by Florentin Smarandache, in 1990s, who ironically called for an upside-down artwork: to do art in a way it is not supposed to be done, i.e. to make art as ugly, as silly, as wrong as possible, and generally as impossible as possible. Read manifestos and anti-manifestos for outer-art, essays, interviews, together with a small virtual Outer-Art Gallery at:”

“Excerpts from his (outer-)art theory:

The way of how not to write, which is an emblem of paradoxism, was later on extended to the way of how not to paint, how not to design, how to not sculpture, until the way of how not to act, or how not to sing, or how not to perform on the stage – thus: all reversed. Only negative adjectives are cumulated in the outer-art: utterly awful and uninteresting art; disgusting, execrable, failure art; garbage paintings: from crumpled, dirty, smeared, torn, ragged paper; using anti-colors and a-colors; naturalist paintings: from wick, spit, urine, feces, any waste matter; misjudged art; self-discredited, ignored, lousy, stinky, hooted, chaotic, vain, lazy, inadequate art (I had once misspelled ‘rat’ instead of ‘art’); obscure, unremarkable, syncopal art; para-art; deriding art expressing inanity and emptiness; strange, stupid, nerd art, in-deterministic, incoherent, dull, uneven art... as made by any monkey!… the worse the better!”

“Art inAmerica” journal,USA, Art Book column, pp. 94, 160, May 2003.