Branch Mathematics and Statistics Faculty and Staff Publications

Document Type


Publication Date



Dual numbers was first introduced by W.K. Clifford in 1873. This nice concept has lots of applications; to screw systems, modeling plane joint, iterative methods for displacement analysis of spatial mechanisms, inertial force analysis of spatial mechanisms etc. In this book the authors study dual numbers in a special way. The main aim of this book is to find rich sources of new elements g such that g2 = 0. The main sources of such new elements are from Zn, n a composite number. We give algebraic structures on them. This book is organized into six chapters. The final chapter suggests several research level problems. Fifth chapter indicates the applications of dual numbers. The forth chapter introduces the concept of interval dual numbers, we also extend it to the concept of neutrosophic logic and fuzzy dual numbers. Higher dimensional dual numbers are defined, described and developed in chapter three. Chapter two gives means and methods to construct the new element g such that g2 = 0. The authors feel Zn (n a composite positive integer) is a rich source for getting new element, the main component of the dual number x = a + bg.


Zip Publishing, Ohio



Language (ISO)



dual numbers, william clifford, neutrosophic logic

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License.