Unusual ecosystem responses are frequently driven by meteorological events. The frequency and magnitude of these events and responses can be characterized through Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER). The LTER Climate Committee identifies four issues to be considered in future investigations:
(1) the need to clarify terms and definitions used in discussing climate variability,
(2) the importance of recognizing the various time and space scales of climate variability and ecosystem response,
(3) the need to expand data beyond dependence on traditional summaries of temperature and precipitation, and
(4) the value of insights gained from examining similarities and dissimilarities among climate episodes and ecosystem responses across LTER sites.
Long Term Ecological Research Network. "Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response: Opportunities for the LTER Network." (1989). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/lter_reports/112