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In most of the countries and as an orientation of several energy international agencies, an integral energy policy must consider, at least, the following subjects: energy security, that includes a rational share of energy imports in total energy consumption, a balanced participation of energy incomes in the federal budget, restitution of non— renewable resources reserves, the accomplishment of basic energy needs for the population, reduction of environmental impacts, diversification of the energy mix, and increasing participation of renewable resources in energy production. Since at least two decades ago, the national energy policy has failed in these objectives. In this paper it is shown the enormous deficiencies of national energy policy that continue to be the same for several decades. It is also shown that the initiatives of law reforms presented recently in the Mexican Senate will accentuate the deficiencies and they will provoke more risks. Finally, the bases of an alternative energy policy are presented.


© 2009 División de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, UAM-Unidad Xochimilco, Calzada del Hueso 1100, Col. Villa Quietud, Coyoacán, México, D.F. C.P. 04960 Open access public use from: SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online, Universidad Nacional AUtonoma de Mexico, Circuito Exterior Zona de Institutos, entre Fisica y Astronomia, Ciudad Unviersitaria,Apdo. Postal 20281, C.P.01000 Mexico, DF — Mexico: The Scientific Electronic Library Online - SciELO is an electronic library covering a selected collection of Brazilian scientific journals. The library is an integral part of a project being developed by FAPESP - FundaÇäo de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Säo Paulo, in partnership with BIREME - the Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information. Since 2002, the Project is also supported by CNPq - Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico.' From the home page of SciELO Brasil Site: 'The objective of the site is to implement an electronic virtual library, providing full access to a collection of serial titles, a collection of issues from individual serial titles, as well as to the full text of articles. The access to both serial titles and articles is available via indexes and search forms.''


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