Pathology Education Powered by Virtual and Digital Transformation: Now and the Future


Lewis A. Hassell, From the Department of Pathology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City (Hassell).
Syeda Fatima Absar, The Department of Pathology, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, Pennsylvania (Absar).
Chhavi Chauhan, The American Society for Investigative Pathology, Cary, North Carolina (Chauhan).
Suzanne Dintzis, The Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle (Dintzis, Koch).
Carol F. Farver, The Department of Pathology (Farver), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Samreen Fathima, The Department of Pathology, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas (Fathima).
Eric F. Glassy, Affiliated Pathologists Medical Group, Palos Verdes Estates, California (Glassy).
Jeffery A. Goldstein, the Department of Pathology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois (Goldstein).
Rama Gullapalli, the Department of Pathology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque (Gullapalli).
Jonhan Ho, The Department of Dermatopathology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Washington, Pennsylvania (Ho).
Lisa K. Koch, The Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle (Dintzis, Koch).
James E. Madory, The Department of Pathology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (Madory).
Kamran M. Mirza, The Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, River Forest, Illinois (Mirza).
Phuong Nhat Nguyen, The Forensic Medicine Center of Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (Nguyen).
Liron Pantanowitz, The Department of Pathology and Clinical Labs (Pantanowitz), University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Anil Parwani, The Department of Anatomic Pathology, The Ohio State University, Columbus (Parwani).
Rebecca Rojansky, The Department of Pathology, Stanford University Hospital and Clinics, Stanford, California (Rojansky).
Robert P. Seifert, The Department of Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville (Seifert).
Rajendra Singh, The Department of Pathology, Norwell Health, Montville, New Jersey (Singh).
Ehab A. ElGabry, the Department of Companion Diagnostics, Roche Tissue Diagnostics, Oro Valley, Arizona (ElGabry).
Marilyn Bui, and the Department of Interdisciplinary Oncology-Anatomic Pathology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida (Bui). ElGabry and Bui are co-senior authors.

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CONTEXT.—: Myriad forces are changing teaching and learning strategies throughout all stages and types of pathology education. Pathology educators and learners face the challenge of adapting to and adopting new methods and tools. The digital pathology transformation and the associated educational ecosystem are major factors in this setting of change.

OBJECTIVE.—: To identify and collect resources, tools, and examples of educational innovations involving digital pathology that are valuable to pathology learners and teachers at each phase of professional development.

DATA SOURCES.—: Sources were a literature review and the personal experience of authors and educators.

CONCLUSIONS.—: High-quality digital pathology tools and resources have permeated all the major niches within anatomic pathology and are increasingly well applied to clinical pathology for learners at all levels. Coupled with other virtual tools, the training landscape in pathology is highly enriched and much more accessible than in the past. Digital pathology is well suited to the demands of peer-to-peer education, such as in the introduction of new testing, grading, or other standardized practices. We found that digital pathology was well adapted to apply our current understanding of optimal teaching strategies and was effective at the undergraduate, graduate, postgraduate, and peer-to-peer levels. We curated and tabulated many existing resources within some segments of pathology. We identified several best practices for each training or educational stage based on current materials and proposed high-priority areas for potential future development.