Critical illness is a state of ill health with vital organ dysfunction, a high risk of imminent death if care is not provided, and the potential for reversibility. An estimated 45 million adults become critically ill each year. While some are treated in emergency departments or intensive care units, most are cared for in general hospital wards. We outline a priority for health systems globally: the first-tier care that all critically ill patients should receive in all parts of all hospitals: Essential Emergency and Critical Care. We describe its relation to other specialties and care and opportunities for implementation.
Buowari DY, Owoo C, Gupta L, Schell CO, Baker T; EECC Network Group. Essential Emergency and Critical Care: A Priority for Health Systems Globally. Crit Care Clin. 2022 Oct;38(4):639-656. doi: 10.1016/j.ccc.2022.06.008. PMID: 36162903.