History ETDs

Publication Date

Summer 7-13-2021


The Albigensian Crusade (1209-1229) and the French Wars of Religion (1562- 1598) were two of the most violent moments in French history. Both involved the persecution of a perceived minority by Catholic forces, and both left irreparable scars on the area of Occitania in the south of France. Battles along river fronts and the clandestine boat smuggling of heretics were actions undertaken by a heretical Cathar group that confronted orthodox religion. Water became a critical part of the creation of a persecuted minority in Occitania. Intensifying Cathar heresy led to increased violence in the Wars of Religion as Catholic aggression against heresy would be reborn. The partisan manuscripts written by chroniclers in the Albigensian Crusade would become printed propaganda during the Wars of Religion to justify extreme violence against them. This curation of history to validate Catholic violence against Protestantism was an active effort to shape the memory of religious history.

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First Committee Member (Chair)

Dr Sarah Davis-Secord

Second Committee Member

Dr Michael Ryan

Third Committee Member

Dr Erika Monahan

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