During the Civil War years East Tennessee became politically and strategically important. It was a section strong in Unionism and natural defenses. Under Confederate control life was difficult for those loyal to the Union, and they pled for liberation. But East Tennessee was difficult to enter because of the mountains which surround it. Far-sighted generals saw that an occupying army would have to surmount the problems or supply. Even when the section was freed from Confederate rule, the civilians were no better off as far as peace and the comforts of life were concerned. The opposing armies, ill-clad and ill-fed, vied for the territory and stripped the land of all food supplies. Nevertheless, a majority of the East Tennesseans remained stubbornly loyal to the Union, and it was they who took the lead in returning the state to the Union.
Level of Degree
First Committee Member (Chair)
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
Stovell, Caryl L.. "The Union Army and the Knoxville Region of East Tennessee 1861-1865." (1951). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/hist_etds/201