Earth and Planetary Sciences ETDs

Publication Date

Spring 5-13-1958


The Ortiz Mountains lie in a belt of early Tertiary intrusive centers adjacent to the Rio Grande depression of north-central New Mexico. Tertiary organic activity and subsequent erosion have etched this mountain group into considerable relief.

Intrusive activity occurred during early Tertiary Espinaso time and resulted in emplacement of sills and dikes of a central stock. Correlation of volcanism with intrusive phases is difficult. Most volcansim probably occurred during the later part of Ortiz igneous activity. An elongate vent is exposed in the eastern part of the mountains and structurally occupies the highest position in the group.

The principle igneous rocks of the Ortiz Mountains are mazonite, latite-andesite porphyry, and latite porphyry. Of these, latite-andesite porphyry probably is the oldest. Outcrops of this rock are found flanking the mountains on all sides. Sills extend from laccolithic and plug-like intrusive centers and occur along many different horizons of the Upper Cretaceous rocks in the area. Intrusion of the central stock followed the latite-andesite porphyry. The stock rock is nepheline-bearing augite monzonite. Volcanism probably followed intrusion of the stock. The vent rock is latite porphyry that exhibits intense hydrothermal alteration. Small plugs of quartz-bearing mozonites may have been intruded contemporaneously with latite porphyry.

Post-Espinaso faulting resulted in development of the Tijeras-Golden fault system which cuts the southern part of the Ortiz Mountains.

The Ortiz Mountains probably were a highland area of subdued relief in middle Miocene time. Considerable rejuvenation of the areas occurred during the development of the Rio Grande depression in the Pliocene. Uplift of the area is reflected by strong eastward tilting of the sedimentary rocks.

Erosion cut the lower Ortiz surface by latest Pliocene time. Gravel accumulation on this surface continued into the Pleistocene. The cuesta topography along the northern flank of the mountains may be the result of minor Quaternary faulting.

Degree Name

Earth and Planetary Sciences

Level of Degree


Department Name

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

First Committee Member (Chair)

J. Paul Fitzsimmons

Second Committee Member

Abraham Rosenzweig

Third Committee Member

Wolfgang Eugene Elston




Ortiz Mountains, Santa Fe County, New Mexico, Stratigraphy, Petrography

Document Type


peterson_fig1_ortiz.tif (54910 kB)
Geologic Map and Structure Sections

peterson_fig3_ortiz.tif (3128 kB)
Geologic Map Underground

peterson_fig7_ortiz.tif (64056 kB)
Index Map of Sample Locations

peterson_large_map.tif (177386 kB)
Large Map