Teacher Education, Educational Leadership & Policy ETDs

Publication Date



A study was conducted to examine the factor structure of the Goodenough-Harris Drawing Test (DAP) item responses across four ethnic groups. The Man Scale of the test was used: 1338 Anglo, Black, Mexican American, and Yucca Indian first grade boys and girls were included. The children were 6, 7, and 8 years old. Californian Achievement Test (CAT) performance was included in the investigation.

Age and sex variables were correlated with Goodenough-Harris item responses and CAT subscores. Correlation matrices were reduced by principal components analysis with orthogonal rotation to simple structure.

Similar factor structures were obtained across the four ethnic groups. Four types of factors were obtained for each group: one relating to CAT subscores, several relating to DAP item responses, some relating to age, and some relating to sex. CAT subtests and DAP items did not asso­ciate; sex and age did not associate with each other nor with CAT subtests and DAP items. Some of the common factors identified were achievement, eye detail, hair, facial features, limbs, perspective, proportion, coordination, age, and sex.

Document Type




Degree Name

Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education

Level of Degree


Department Name

Teacher Education, Educational Leadership & Policy

First Committee Member (Chair)

James Clark Moore

Second Committee Member

Sidney Rosenblum

Third Committee Member

Mary Bierman Harris

Fourth Committee Member

Albert W. Vogel