Special Education ETDs

Publication Date



The purpose of this study was to determine the applicability and effectiveness of tape presentations in the teaching of geography studies. More specifically it was the purpose of this study to determine I) whether students in a special adaptation class score higher on comprehension tests and 2) express a higher level of Interest when taped materials are presented to them as opposed to traditional teaching methods.

The subjects for this study were seven students who have been evaluated through multi-discipline approaches by the Albuquerque Public Schools and placed in a classroom for the emotionally disturbed at McKinley Junior High School, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Sixteen lessons were selected from Drummond and Stanley's

Journeys Through the United States and Canada (1966) and pre­sented in two ways: 1) traditional methods of stand up lecture, oral reading, individual reading, and discussion and 2) experimental methods of a recorded presentation followed by discussion. The tatter included a recorded tape which presented the same kinds of materials as the traditional methods with the addition of 1) humorous audio background effects and 2) contemporary music befitting the subject matter at least metaphorically and with which it was hoped the subjects were familiar. A parametric test revealed significant differences in favor of the experimental presentations on criterion tests for the group as a whole and insignificant differences between the attitudinal ratings for traditional and experimental presentations for the group as a whole, A Mann-Whitney U test revealed significant differences in most cases in favor of the experimental presentations on individual’s criterion tests and insignificant attitudinal differences between tradional and experimental presentations for individuals.

Document Type




Degree Name

Special Education

Level of Degree


Department Name

Special Education

First Committee Member (Chair)

Roger Kroth

Second Committee Member

Richard Lane McDowell

Third Committee Member

Daniel Bruce Berch