Language, Literacy, and Sociocultural Studies ETDs

Publication Date

Fall 11-15-2018


This research study is an attempt to understand the ideological preparedness of English language teachers at the higher education institutions (HEIs) in Pakistan. The construct of preparedness is unique in this study because the phenomenon of preparedness is simplified for pedagogical methodologies and teaching practices. This study is a journey of understanding ideology, its representations through discourse, and its enactment through discursive practices of the participant-teachers. In this hermeneutical phenomenological study, I used interview texts as the data source and critical discourse analysis (CDA) as the analytical framework. The participants included 15 English language teachers at nine different HEIs in five cities of the Khyber

Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. These participants shared their particular phenomenological experiences of teaching at their respective contexts.

The findings of the study suggest that English language teachers in Pakistan have diverse understandings of preparedness. To unravel the ideological meaning-making in the use of English language, the critical consciousness concept shared traits with the construct of preparedness. The study concludes that discourse and ideology function through a hermeneutical relationship of interpreting each other and are thus dialectically evolving their meaning in the cycles of interpretations. The preparedness, consequently, of English teachers in Pakistan is to understand the nuances, intricacies, and complexities of the language, its ideology, its power and understand all through the process of discourse.


Pakistan, English Teachers, Ideology, Preparedness

Document Type




Degree Name

Language, Literacy and Sociocultural Studies

Level of Degree


Department Name

Language, Literacy, and Sociocultural Studies

First Committee Member (Chair)

Ricky Allen

Second Committee Member

Ruth Galvan Trinidad

Third Committee Member

Bee Chamcharatsri

Fourth Committee Member

Ahmar Mahboob

Available for download on Tuesday, December 15, 2020