Language, Literacy, and Sociocultural Studies ETDs

Publication Date

Summer 7-2018


Sa’ah Naaghái Bik’eh Hózhóón (SNBH) is Diné epistemology, a complex system of knowledge encompassing two paradigms: Beauty Way (Hózhóójii-female) and Protection Way (Naayée’ k’egho-male), with hózhó at its core. The study examines personal narratives of SNBH through lived experiences toward hózhó. The literature review looks at Diné worldview from the perspective of published Diné scholars on SNBH for Diné youth. This qualitative case study approach, using Indigenous epistemology and Indigenous research methodology framework, allowed for intensive descriptions and analysis of SNBH. The interviews explored participants’ lived experiences using narrative inquiry to understand SNBH. The findings suggest that there is a significant relationship between SNBH—when interpreted through storytelling—and transformative awakening that could lead to new understanding of responsibility and purpose in the lives of Diné youth. The author concludes that more research is needed on Diné epistemology to develop Diné -centered educational frameworks on transformative pedagogical practices for mindfulness using principles of hózhó.


Sa’ah Naagháí Bik’eh Hózhóón (SNBH), Hózhó (harmony), K’é (kinship), Dinetáh, Diné (the People), Narrative Inquiry, Mindfulness, and Storytelling

Document Type




Degree Name

Language, Literacy and Sociocultural Studies

Level of Degree


Department Name

Language, Literacy, and Sociocultural Studies

First Committee Member (Chair)

Vincent R. Werito

Second Committee Member

Gregory A. Cajete

Third Committee Member

Shawn L. Secatero

Fourth Committee Member

Donna Deyhle