Language, Literacy, and Sociocultural Studies ETDs

Publication Date

Spring 5-16-2020


This qualitative, multi-case study investigates veteran, dual-language teachers in urban elementary schools in the Southwest United States and how these teachers manage to continue teaching despite education “reforms” that have contributed to increased attrition among their peers. Each participant contributed qualitative data through a narrative questionnaire, two interviews, two focus groups., and physical artifacts. Coding and analysis of each case was inductive and involved the identification of patterns and themes that emerged from the data. A cross-case analysis was conducted. Modern Critical Theory served as the theoretical lens.

Teachers as advocates for their students’ cultural, linguistic, and socioeconomic well-being emerged as the most salient factor contributing to their resilience. Also important were personal traits, education and professional credentials, dedication to dual-language education, and successful resistance against “reforms.” The findings could be of use to schools, districts, and states interested in retaining veteran teachers in urban contexts where “reforms” are often applied with greater scrutiny and accountability than other contexts.


Teachers, Bilingual, Reforms, Resistance, Resilience, Retention, Veteran, Advocacy

Document Type




Degree Name

Language, Literacy and Sociocultural Studies

Level of Degree


Department Name

Language, Literacy, and Sociocultural Studies

First Committee Member (Chair)

Lois M. Meyer

Second Committee Member

Carlos López-Leiva

Third Committee Member

Rebecca Sánchez

Fourth Committee Member

Mia Sosa Provencio