Predictor variables, institution type and annual allocated revenue, were investigated as potential predictors of success in NCAA Division II Athletic Departments, on the outcome variable (points scored in the Learfield sports-NACDA Directors’ Cup), working through mediating variables representing culture type (clan, adhocracy, market, and hierarchy). Data were collected through an electronic survey emailed to all NCAA Division II institution athletic directors and head coaches. Data specific to institution type (public vs private) and the number of points an athletic department earned in the Learfield sports-NACDA Directors’ Cup was also collected from archived records. Statistical testing included the use of SPSS and the PROCESS Macro to make inferences about direct effects of predictor variables on the outcome variable, inferences about specific indirect effects of predictor variables on the outcome variable through mediating variables, pairwise comparisons between specific indirect effects, and inference about the total indirect effect.
Of all the respondents (N=847) to the survey, 285 different NCAA Division II athletic departments were represented. Because of the definition and nature of culture, the number of usable athletic departments was reduced to 67 with a total of 337 respondents with usable data for analysis. Bivariate correlation analysis between the number of Directors’ Cup points scored three culture types was found to be statistically significant. However, only the correlation between market culture the number of Directors’ Cup points scored was found to moderate in size r(335) = .250. Mediation analysis found only one statistically significant interaction between a dependent variable and mediating variable leading to the outcome. Annual allocated revenue was found to effect the number of Directors’ Cup points earned when operating through market culture. In addition, the mediating effect of market culture was found to be statistically different from adhocracy culture and hierarchy culture.
NCAA Division II, Organizational Culture, Directors' Cup, Mediation
Physical Education, Sports and Exercise Science
Level of Degree
Health, Exercise, and Sports Sciences
First Committee Member (Chair)
Dr. Todd L. Seidler
Second Committee Member
Dr. David K. Scott
Third Committee Member
Dr. Glenn Hushman
Fourth Committee Member
Dr. Steven G. Meilleur
Kettler, Ryan D.. "PREDICTORS IN FINISHING POSITION OF NCAA DIVISION II SCHOOLS IN THE LEARFIELD SPORTS-NACDA DIRECTORS’ CUP: CULTURE TYPE AS A POTENTIAL MEDIATOR." (2018). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/educ_hess_etds/94