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Publication Date

March 2009


Military police in charge of controlling a politicaI demonstration in Brasília during the 1990 presidential campaign. The Twentieth century has been dominated by authoritarian governments. After almost 20 years of civilian rule (1945-1964), fears of communism and a battered economy led to a bloodless coup by the military in 1964 with the support of much of the middle class. The military remained in power until 1985, restricting politicaI activity and civil liberties. However, Brazil witnessed enormous economic growth during the first decade of the military regime. Today Brazil produces 95% of its needs for industrial products and manufactured exports surpass primary exports as foreign exchange earners. Nevertheless, the undeniable growth of the "miracle years" was achieved at a social cost only now being calculated, and the country faces daunting challenges as it attempts a transition to democracy.Polícia militar encarregada de controlar a demonstração política em Brasília durante a campanha presidencial de 1990. O século xx tem sido marcado por governos autoritários. Após quase 20 anos de governo civil (19451964), o medo ao comunismo e a economia arruinada, levaram a um golpe sem sangue pelos militares em 1964, com o apoio da maioria da classe média. Os militares permaneceram no poder até 1985, restringindo atividades políticas e liberdades civis. Mas o Brasil experimentou um crescimento enorme na economia durante a primeira década do regime militar. Hoje o Brasil produz 95% de suas necessidades para produtos industriais e as exportações de produtos manufaturados excedem as exportações básicas, na competição do intercâmbio estrangeiro. Contudo, o crescimento inquestionável dos "anos do milagre" foram alcançados através de um custo social somente agora calculado, e o país enfrenta desafios desencorajadores, nas suas tentativas de transiçao para a democracia.


Latin American and Iberian Institute / University of New Mexico


Brazil Slide Series Collection: This article is copyrighted by the Latin American & Iberian Institute (LAII) of the University of New Mexico. Rights permission is for standard academic, non-commercial, use of these materials. Proper citation of this material should include title, author, publisher, date, and URL. Copyright Latin American and Iberian Institute University of New Mexico 1993


Brazil: Brasilia