Art & Art History ETDs

Publication Date



The architecture and town planning of the mining communities in Grant and Sierra Counties, New Mexico during the later nineteenth century are the focus of this study. The intent is to describe and illustrate the phases of development in these towns through three stages: The Initial Settlement, The Boomtown, and The Mature Town. The changing character of the architecture reflected the increasing stability, wealth, and sophistication in the camps. These towns were populated by Anglo-American immigrants and reflected the tastes and culture of America in the late 1800's. Popular architectural styles from the Midwestern and Eastern states were imitated in the mining communities.

An extensive photographic record has been assembled, illustrating town planning and constructions of canvas, log, milled wood, adobe, brick and stone. Residential, commercial, and institutional buildings are discussed.



Document Type


Degree Name

Art History

Level of Degree


Department Name

UNM Department of Art and Art History

First Committee Member (Chair)

Christopher Mead

Second Committee Member

Nicolai Cikovsky

Third Committee Member

Douglas George