The most costly factor in modern shipping is the quantity of time involved in the discharging and loading of cargo. The earning capacity of a ship depends largely on the rapidity of its turn-around or the number of voyages it can make in a year, and the turn-around can be increased to a large extent only by preventing delay in port. For a successful operation the ship's time in port must be as brief as possible. Whether at sea or in port, all the major items of expense, with the exception of fuel consumption, continue day in and out. Major operating expenses such as the crew's wages, the officer's salaries, and subsistence for the ship's company must be paid for every day. Other items of expense while the ship is in port include the fuel required to operate winches, dynamos, and other machinery on board, and to keep the ship heated in the winter. Each day represents an outlay of money with no compensating income from freight moneys. In addition the ship's company must be concerned with the overhead charges of insurance, interest on capital, and depreciation, which all mount to a considerable sum per day.
School of Architecture and Planning
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Cary, William H.. "Transit Connector: A Study of Cargo Terminals for United States Shipping Lines, Inc.." (1967). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/arch_etds/97