Architecture and Planning ETDs

Publication Date



This study presents an overview of the needs and the problems involved in providing housing for the low-income group in Greater Bangkok, Thailand. It examines the pressing need for housing and analyzed the problems involved in planning, designing and developing such housing projects, which traditionally, have been subsidized by the government. Recognizing these factors, and based on the studies and the author's experience with the socio-economic needs of low­ income groups, presented herein is a basic concept of housing design and methods for low-cost housing construction. This basic concept is the most fundamental living unit and is simple, both in design and construction. To explain the specific details, one of the five selected slum areas in Greater Bangkok that are considered in the worst condition and are in the programs for development will be selected. The site is divided into six neighborhoods, a light industrial area, recreational areas and a community center. Each neighborhood consists of two primary schools and a religious center (temple), a neighborhood center, and a neighborhood shopping area. To improve human circulation within the area, the street system was redesigned and the block system is used. For housing, each block is divided into long and narrow lots to reduce the cost of public utilities. Bamboo is abundant in Thailand and can be obtained at a very low cost. The properties of bamboo have been tested and found to be a good building material, especially for concrete reinforcement. Bamboo is, therefore, used as a building material to cut down material cost. An aided-self-help method is employed to reduce labor cost for housing construction



Document Type


Degree Name


Level of Degree


Department Name

School of Architecture and Planning

First Committee Member (Chair)

Donald P.Schengel

Second Committee Member

William Weismantel

Third Committee Member

Michel Louis Roger Pillet

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