Architecture and Planning ETDs


Steven Bishop

Publication Date



Locating services and accesses to opportunities is a growing trend in community schools. Having on-site health services, employment programs, after-school programs, and other social services for students, parents, and members in a community surrounding a school, strengthens the relationships between schools and the communities they serve. These relationships foster increased stocks of social capital in a community and with parents, and the link between parental and community social capital and student performance is strong. In order to make the most of limited resources, schools and school districts implementing community school models must identify which services and accesses to opportunities help to increase student, parent, and school bonds and relationships, in order to best improve student learning and performance. For my study I have identified and examined certain social capital indicators existing in communities surrounding elementary schools in the Albuquerque Public School District and analyzed their relationship to student test scores measuring proficiency in math and reading. I have found there is strong evidence linking parent involvement and the welcoming nature of a school and subsequent student performance.



Document Type


Degree Name

Community and Regional Planning

Level of Degree


Department Name

School of Architecture and Planning

First Committee Member (Chair)

Isaac, Claudia

Second Committee Member

Harjo, Laura

Third Committee Member

Romans, Russ


Social Capital, Student Performance, Spatial Analysis, School Performance, GIS, Community Schools, Parental Involvement

Included in

Architecture Commons