Physics & Astronomy ETDs

Author

Ziya Kalay

Publication Date

8-27-2009

Abstract

This thesis is the report of a study of several different problems in statistical physics. The first two are about random walks in a disordered lattice, with applications to a biological system, the third is about reaction-diffusion systems, particularly the phenomena of front propagation and pattern formation, and the last is about a special kind of evolving complex networks, the addition-deletion network. The motivation for the first of the two random walk investigations is provided by the diffusion of molecules in cell membranes. A mathematical model is constructed in order to predict molecular diffusion phenomena relating to the so-called compartmentalized view of the cell membrane. The theoretical results are compared with experimental observations available in the literature. The second random walk part in the thesis contains contributions to the analysis of transport in disordered systems via effective medium theory. Calculation of time-dependent transport quantities are presented along with discussion of effects of finite system size, significance of long-range memory functions, and consequences of correlated disorder. The investigation of reaction-diffusion systems that deals with front propagation is concerned with providing a method of studying transient dynamics in such systems whereas the study of pattern formation focuses on determining necessary conditions for such patterns to arise in situations wherein sub- and super-diffusion are present in addition to simple diffusion. In the network study, results are reported on cluster size distribution in addition-deletion networks, on the basis of both numerical and analytic investigations.

Degree Name

Physics

Level of Degree

Doctoral

Department Name

Physics & Astronomy

First Advisor

Kenkre, Vasudev

First Committee Member (Chair)

Dunlap, David

Second Committee Member

Thomas, James

Third Committee Member

Edwards, Jeremy

Language

English

Keywords

Statistical physics, Transport theory, Order-disorder models, Reaction-diffusion equations, System analysis, Cells--Permeability--Mathematical models.

Document Type

Dissertation

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