This chapter is drawn from a transcribed joint presentation made by Christine Zuni Cruz (Isleta/Ohkay Owingeh) and Casey Douma (Laguna/Hopi-Tewa) at the Pueblo Convocation in April 2012 at Tamaya. Sections I, II and V are based on the presentation made by Christine Zuni Cruz; Sections III and IV summarize the presentation made by Casey Douma. Section VI combines the concluding thoughts of Zuni Cruz and Douma. Special thanks to Aaron Sims (Acoma Pueblo) for producing the computer images for Figures 1 and 4. Figures 1 and 4 are adapted illustrations created by Christine Zuni Cruz in an earlier article (Zuni Cruz 2000). The illustrations in Figures 2 and 3 were created by Casey Douma. This paper documents the presentation provided on the Indigenous legal tradition of Pueblo peoples at the Pueblo Convocation of 2012 by Christine Zuni Cruz and Casey Douma. Section II, III and V draws from the presentation made by Zuni Cruz and identifies the Indigenous legal tradition and its operation amongst Pueblo peoples. Sections III and IV summarize Casey Doumas presentation which identified the core Pueblo institutions responsible for proper social behavior, ranging from the family, to a widening circle of Pueblo authorities. It chronicles the movement from family-centered and group resolution of disputes to the reliance on the individualized approach to resolution of disputes introduced by tribal courts.
Christine Zuni Cruz,
The Indigenous Legal Tradition as Foundational Law,
Available at: http://digitalrepository.unm.edu/law_facultyscholarship/185