A flurry of arson attacks, land occupations, and violent police raids have refocused public attention on Chile's longsimmering "Mapuche conflict," which is once again showing signs of boiling over. Sonamed for the involvement of ethnic Mapuches, Chile's largest indigenous group, the conflict also involves nonMapuche farmers and rural business magnates, as well as heavily armed carabineros [uniformed police], which maintain a constant presence in and around certain 'hotspot' communities in the Biobío and Araucanía regions. Fueling tensions are issues of poverty, land ownership, and racism.
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NotiSur - Latin America Data Base
Witte-Lebhar, Benjamin. ""Mapuche conflict" flares up in Chile's Araucanía region." (2012). http://digitalrepository.unm.edu/la_energy_notien/87