Last month, Per's Congress unanimously approved a landmark law that requires companies to consult with indigenous communities before beginning infrastructure, energy and mining projects on their territories, which is intended to help mitigate social conflicts that have threatened to derail billions of dollars in investment. Meanwhile, hundreds of indigenous people are leading a 526-kilometer march in Bolivia as a show of opposition to the construction of a highway being built through indigenous territory. As indigenous communities in the Andes become increasingly vocal in opposition to development plans, are their protests having a significant effect? Does their increasing clout threaten to derail plans to develop the energy sector in these countries? What compromises should the governments and indigenous leaders make? What are the chances that violent conflict will erupt in the coming months?
Inter-American Dialogue's Latin American Energy Advisor. "Will Conflict Over Energy Sector Development Increase?." (2011). http://digitalrepository.unm.edu/la_energy_dialog/81