## Computer Science ETDs

#### Publication Date

12-1-2011

#### Abstract

With the growth of the Internet, there has been a push toward designing reliable algorithms that scale effectively in terms of latency, bandwidth and other computational resources. Scalability has been a serious problem especially with peer-to-peer (p2p) networks which may have sizes of more than a million nodes. An important problem in designing reliable algorithms is Byzantine agreement. For reasons of scalability, message complexity is a critical resource for this problem. Unfortunately, previous solutions to Byzantine agreement require each processor to send $O(n)$ messages, where $n$ is the total number of processors in the network. In this dissertation, we show that the Byzantine agreement problem can be solved with significantly less that a linear number of messages both in theory and in practice. We implement and test algorithms that solve the classical problem with each processor sending only $\ ilde{O}(\sqrt{n})$ messages. Further, we consider the problem in the case where we assume the existence of a random beacon: a global source of random bits. We show that with this assumption, the required number of messages drops to $O(\log n)$, with small hidden constants. Our algorithms are Monte Carlo and succeed with high probability, that is probability $1-o(n^k)$ for some positive constant $k$. Our empirical results suggest that our algorithms may outperform classical solutions to Byzantine agreement for network of size larger than 30,000 nodes.

#### Language

English

#### Keywords

Byzantine Agreement, Fault-Tolerant, Fault-Tolerance, Randomized Algorithm, Monte Carlo, Random Beacon, Distributed Algorithm, Consensus, Byzantine

#### Document Type

Dissertation

#### Degree Name

Computer Science

#### Level of Degree

Doctoral

#### Department Name

Department of Computer Science

#### First Advisor

Saia, Jared

#### First Committee Member (Chair)

Bridges, Patrick

#### Second Committee Member

Moore, Cristopher

#### Third Committee Member

Valerie, King

#### Project Sponsors

NSF, AFOSR MURI Grant.

#### Recommended Citation

Oluwasanmi, Olumuyiwa. "Practical, scalable algorithms for Byzantine agreement." (2011). http://digitalrepository.unm.edu/cs_etds/18