Culture-centeredness in community-based participatory research: contributions to health education intervention research
Health education research emphasizes the importance of cultural understanding and fit to achieve meaningful psycho-social research outcomes, community responsiveness and external validity to enhance health equity. However, many interventions address cultural fit through cultural competence and sensitivity approaches that are often superficial. The purpose of this study was to better situate culture within health education by operationalizing and testing new measures of the deeply grounded culture-centered approach (CCA) within the context of community-based participatory research (CBPR). A nation-wide mixed method sample of 200 CBPR partnerships included a survey questionnaire and in-depth case studies. The questionnaire enabled the development of a CCA scale using concepts of community voice/agency, reflexivity and structural transformation. Higher-order confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated factorial validity of the scale. Correlations supported convergent validity with positive associations between the CCA and partnership processes and capacity and health outcomes. Qualitative data from two CBPR case studies provided complementary socio-cultural historic background and cultural knowledge, grounding health education interventions and research design in specific contexts and communities. The CCA scale and case study analysis demonstrate key tools that community–academic research partnerships can use to assess deeper levels of culture centeredness for health education research.
Nina Wallerstein, John G Oetzel, Bonnie Duran, Maya Magarati, Cynthia Pearson, Lorenda Belone, Joyce Davis, Lori DeWindt, Sarah Kastelic, Julie Lucero, Charmaine Ruddock, Erika Sutter, Mohan J Dutta, Culture-centeredness in community-based participatory research: contributions to health education intervention research, Health Education Research, Volume 34, Issue 4, August 2019, Pages 372–388, https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyz021