Title

Engagement With Project ECHO to Increase Medication-Assisted Treatment in Rural Primary Care

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-29-2019

Abstract

Objective:

The purpose of this study was to understand the barriers and facilitators that affect engagement with Project ECHO (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes) to implement medication-assisted treatment (MAT) in primary care settings.

Methods:

A 12-session weekly curriculum was delivered to participating primary care providers and clinic staff (N=24 participants from 13 clinics). Participants completed attendance logs and a qualitative interview in order to identify factors that influence engagement in the ECHO sessions and the potential integration of MAT.

Results:

Primary care providers and staff valued the ECHO sessions, but overall attendance was low and variable. Participants generally valued the didactic and interactive nature of the sessions but identified system-level constraints that limited engagement. Major barriers to participation included competing demands in patient care and the low degree of endorsement by clinic leadership.

Conclusions:

This brief report identifies key systematic challenges that may directly limit primary care providers’ engagement in telementoring models such as Project ECHO.

Comments

This study was supported by a Clinical and Translational Research— Infrastructure Network (CTR-IN) grant and a grant from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (1 R18 HS025345-01).

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