Improving the Labor Market Outcomes of US Veterans: The Long-Run Effect of the Transition Assistance Program
The success of military recruiting depends largely on the potential consequences of military services. This study examines how military service affects labor market outcomes of veterans. Specifically, I focus on how the Transition Assistance Program (TAP), a career assistance program, help military personnel transition to the civilian labor market. To identify the effects of TAP, I exploit variation in program accessibility generated by its initial rollout process. Using data from the Current Population Survey, I find that TAP improves the labor market outcomes of veterans, measured approximately ten years after separation. Specifically, it leads a significant increase in labor force participation. One possible mechanism is that TAP encourages the use of the GI Bill, a program that provides financial assistance to attend institutions of higher education.
Xiaoxue Li (2020) Improving the Labor Market Outcomes of US Veterans: The Long-Run Effect of the Transition Assistance Program, Defence and Peace Economics, 31:1, 48-69, DOI: 10.1080/10242694.2018.1532229