This working papers focus is on undocumented worker who have year-round jobs and settle more or less permanently in the U.S. The data shows that in one industry, the pay differential for undocumented workers is less than that of citizens. Undocumented workers enjoy somewhat permanent living and working conditions, but their undocumented status may prevent them from securing wages and promotions comparable to legal workers.'
Southwest Hispanic Research Institute
SW Hispanic Research Institute
Lemons, Gary. "Roofing Careers in Albuquerque: An Analysis of Legal and Undocumented Labor." (1984). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/shri_publications/1