Health Impact Assessment, Physical Activity and Federal Lands Trail Policy.
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this paper are to describe the application of Health Impact Assessment (HIA) to inform trail decisions affecting a rural, under-resourced community and propose the routine integration of HIAs to enhance NEPA environmental assessments and environmental impact statements for trail decisions on federal lands.
METHODS: Screening, scoping, assessment, recommendations, reporting, monitoring and evaluation are being used to examine the health impact of trail location and design.
RESULTS: HIA recommendations are being integrated into the public lands National Environmental Protection Act process for planning access to a new segment of the Continental Divide National Scenic Trail. Potential users from a nearby rural New Mexico community and a region of almost one million may benefit from this HIA-informed planning.
CONCLUSIONS: HIA can be integrated into the policy and decision-making process for trails on public lands.
Davis, Sally M; Theresa H Cruz; and Richard L Kozoll.
"Health Impact Assessment, Physical Activity and Federal Lands Trail Policy.."