Neutral-pion, _0, spectra were measured at midrapidity (|y| < 0.35) in Au+Au collisions at psNN = 39 and 62.4GeV and compared to earlier measurements at 200GeV in the 1 < pT < 10GeV/c transverse-momentum (pT ) range. The high-pT tail is well described by a power law in all cases and the powers decrease significantly with decreasing center-of-mass energy. The change of powers is very similar to that observed in the corresponding p+p-collision spectra. The nuclear-modification factors (RAA) show significant suppression and a distinct energy dependence at moderate pT in central collisions. At high pT , RAA is similar for 62.4 and 200GeV at all centralities. Perturbative-quantum-chromodynamics calculations that describe RAA well at 200GeV, fail to describe the 39GeV data, raising the possibility that the relative importance of initial-state effects and soft processes increases at lower energies. A conclusion that the region where hard processes are dominant is reached only at higher pT , is also supported by the xT dependence of the xT -scaling power-law exponent.
Fields, Douglas E.. "Evolution of pi^ 0 suppression in Au+ Au collisions from sqrt (s_NN)= 39 to 200 GeV." (2012). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/phyc_fsp/1