Title

Sensory-motor performance in seven-year-old children born extremely preterm

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-1-2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Children born preterm are prone to motor problems. Research on their motor performance has, however, rarely been integrated with sensory processing.

AIM: To examine sensory-motor performance in children born extremely preterm (EPT).

METHOD: In a longitudinal prospective cohort study, 49 EPT (bornweeks; 32 boys and 17 girls) and 33 term-born (16 boys and 17 girls) children were assessed with six individual subtests from the Sensory Integration and Praxis Tests at the age of 7.0 to 7.3 years.

RESULTS: The rate of test z-scores indicating dysfunction [from -2 standard deviations (SD) to < -1 SD for mild and < -2 SD for moderate-to-severe] was significantly higher in EPT children than in term-born children in all the subtests. When comparing mean performance adjusted for gender and mother's education, EPT children performed worse than term-born children in Design Copying (z-score difference - 0.83; 95% confidence interval -1.32 to -0.34), Motor Accuracy (-0.82; -1.26 to -0.38), Postural Praxis (-0.95; -1.45 to -0.45), Manual Form Perception (-0.59; -1.12 to -0.06), and Finger Identification (-0.88; -1.45 to -0.31). Additional adjustment for Full-Scale Intelligence Quotient rendered difference in Manual Form Perception non-significant.

CONCLUSION: Seven-year-old EPT children perform worse than their term-born peers in tests for visual-motor, somatosensory, and motor planning performance.

Publication Title

Early human development

ISSN

1872-6232

Volume

120

First Page

10

Last Page

16

DOI

10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2018.03.012

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